Monday, 18 July 2016

Vinyl Flooring - What You Need To Know

















The origin of vinyl flooring can be traced back to the 1930s, but it was not until years after the Second World War that it started appearing as a part of the architecture of that time. In particular, vinyl gradually seized the place of linoleum as a more cost-effective, stain-resistant, versatile and water-resistant flooring option. Over the years, vinyl floors have underground numerous technological advancements as a result of which they have become more good-looking and low-budget.

How Many Types Of Vinyl Flooring Are There?

Anyone who decides to opt for this flooring option will be able to choose between two types, namely sheet flooring or tile flooring. Sheet flooring involves laying down sheets of vinyl material, each of which happens to be either 6 feet or 12 feet wide. Title flooring involves the use of vinyl tiles, which are either 9-inch x 9-inch or 12-inch x 12-inch.

No doubt, installing sheet flooring can prove to be easier and it ultimately proves to be more water-resistant. However, vinyl tile flooring is preferred by many homeowners since it serves as a more inexpensive alternative to ceramic tile flooring.

What Are The Benefits Of Having Vinyl Floors?

Today, the reason behind the widespread popularity of this versatile flooring option is various desirable characteristics that continue to be added to it. Another thing that makes this flooring option so excellent is the fact that homeowners will find it quite suitable for house, no matter what their budget and/or interior décor. Along with being affordable and cost-effective, this flooring option also tends to be durable, long-lasting and stylish. Vinyl is also capable of resisting dents, scratches and stains to a great extent, as long it is laid down properly over the right subflooring.

Manufacturers began touting the benefits of vinyl flooring ever since the 1950s, and after having been tried and tested over the years, those benefits still remain true. Some of those benefits include:

Comfortable
Unlike other flooring materials, the vinyl surface never gets cold in the winter, and generally, walking over vinyl floors feels quite nice. Some vinyl sheets and tiles even come with a padded layer, which makes them far softer underneath the feet.

Durability
The general opinion of vinyl is that it is an extremely durable and long-lasting material. It can last anywhere between 10 and 20 years or even more as long as it is correctly installed and maintained. Of course, how well vinyl floors ultimately last over time depends on the quality of the vinyl sheets or tiles that are purchased, and how they were manufactured.

Homogenous vinyl tiles, such composite and solid tiles, happen to be the least prone to getting damaged by scratches since the colors permeate all of the layers. The durability of printed vinyl sheets and tiles depends on how long the clear wear layer lasts, since that is what protects the vinyl surface. There are even vinyl sheets are reinforced with fiberglass and they are perhaps the most durable and flexible, while they rarely get the damaged. Perhaps the best thing about vinyl floors is that if individual sheets or tiles do get damaged, it is always possible to replace them quite easily.



Easy To Install
As mentioned, it is relatively easier to install vinyl sheet and vinyl tile flooring. All that needs to be ensured is that the vinyl material is installed over a completely dry and leveled subfloor. Even homeowners themselves can install vinyl sheets or tiles on their own, but it is best if subfloor is prepared and the vinyl sheets or tiles are installed by a professional.

Inexpensive
At the lower end, the cost of vinyl sheets or tiles per square foot tends to be as little as 50 cents. However, homeowners can expect to spend as much as 10 dollars per feet too if they wish to use higher end, premium vinyl sheets or tiles. The quality of the sheets or tiles, and the design options that the surface offers determines the difference in price.

Low Maintenance
Much like its installation, taking care of vinyl flooring also tends to be relatively easier. Essentially, homeowners must regularly sweep off any dirt and girt off the vinyl surface in order to keep it maintained. Although vinyl happens to be a stain-resistant material, any stains that do appear can and should be wiped off using damp mop and a cleaner that is suitable for vinyl floors.

Stain Resistant
As mentioned, there tends to be a clear wear layer on printed vinyl sheets and tiles. This layer serves as a surface barrier as a result of which the vinyl floor remains safe from spills and stains. Cleaning and maintaining these vinyl surfaces proves to be even easier. This surface protection is not available with composite and solid vinyl materials, as a result of which they have to be stripped and polished at times.

Water Resistant
Vinyl floors that are well-installed end up proving to be nearly impermeable to water penetration. This means that vinyl flooring is an ideal option for bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, and other areas in a house where the moisture level tends to be high and the spillage of water occurs frequently.



Wide Range Of Design Options
There are almost uncountable options to choose from when it comes to the colors and patterns that vinyl sheets and tiles are available in. Manufacturers combine composite and solid vinyl in order to create numerous random and unique patterns. The versatility of printed vinyl tends to be greater since the look of hardwood, natural stone, and various other materials can be recreated using it. Vinyl sheets or tiles in different colors and with different patterns can also be mixed and matched to make it seem as if different elements have been combined on the floor.

Conclusion

Thus, it should be obvious why vinyl flooring is such a popular choice for homeowners in Singapore. It should be obvious by now that this flooring option can be installed virtually anywhere in a house. This means that the aesthetic of other flooring materials can be achieved in areas where their use would not be recommended, simply by installing the right type of vinyl material.

Thursday, 19 May 2016

Chengal Decking Vs Balau Decking





Wood decking is the most popular décor in many developed countries in Asia. Many people are decorating their home balconies as well as patios with wooden decks now a days. But the main problem is many people do not know which material will be correct for their home or work place. It will always be better if a customer has good knowledge about the materials which have to be used so that they will be retained for long time. Not only that, the outdoor decking must also be enjoyable along with the nature. So decking must be focused.

The most common materials used for decking are Chengal wood and Balau 

Chengal decking the most common deck which is used for outdoor deck. This not only gives deck a wood feeling but also a beautiful look. The main problem with this Chengal wood is that it is expensive. This Chengal wood trees are protected and with this the young chengal wood is much expensive when compared with the old chengal wood.

The old Chengal wood will be treated with a process known as kiln drying process, where all the moisture in the wood is removed. So that it will become wood resistant. While in young Chengal wood, the moisture will not be removed and this will get damaged in long run. In few cases, even if the young chengal wood is processed, there will be high level of moisture in it. Old Chengal wood is always preferred to young chengal wood.

In Chengal decking, the Chengal Wood have to be sanded and then the paint has to be applied. The applied paint will enhance the colour of the deck and will protect it from extreme climatic conditions. With this the maintenance cost of the deck will be high. This will result in cracks of the deck after few years.

Balau Decks are also used for decking and this material is becoming really popular now a days. Even for Balau Decks, Kiln drying process have to be done same like in Chengal Decking.

The best thing about Balau wood is that its color of this wood is really pleasant and striking when we compare it with Chengal wood.

In Balau decks, some times there may be leakage of red colour from the wood as hey will be exposed to different climates. This will create colour fading when the decks are used in long run.

Chengal wood is really durable wood which can be used for decks. There is a shortage of this timber now a days.

Young chengal timber is not suggested as it has sapwood. With the presence of this sapwood, young chengal timber will not be durable.

When the house owners are getting the decking work done with Chengal, they must be sure that the dealer has got the wood legally and then get the decking done. Chengal wood must be old Chengal so that it will be of best quality and will be sustaining for long time.



Chengal wood has good density and the old chengal wood is dried and the moisture is removed. With this old chengal wood will be resisting to different climatic conditions.

Balau wood, when compared to Chengal wood is less dense. The Balau wood sometimes experiences cracking, so there may be cracks in Balau decking.

In Balau timber, there is red balau which cannot be used on ground decking. This red Balau wood is less resistant to decay so it is not suggested for ground deck. The yellow Balau wood is durable as it has the capacity to resist Fungi.

Chengal wood has been used from long time for decking and in many other parts of the house. The strength, resistance and durability are really good for the Chengal wood. The chengal wood which is installed must be matured or old chengal wood, else the decking will get rot within a couple of years after it is installed.

When old chengal wood is used, its life span is long under the extreme climatic conditions. But the young Chenga wood will not be durable and makes Chengal Decking non-sdurable.

The young Chengal wood is soft and is not wear and tear resistant. There are also huge amount of sugar content in the young Chengal woods which will help in growth of bacteria and this will accelerate rotting. The bacteria will also help the wood to get decayed easily. So for decking Young chengal wood must be avaoided.

The Balau wood colour always varies as it has wide range of species. The colour of this Balau wood can be pale straw to dark reddish brown. It depends on the species. In Balau decking one can have wide range of colour options.

This Balau wood has coarse grain texture which has medium as well as large pores. The grains of this wood are also interlocked sometimes.

This Balau wood can be considered as non durable wood as it is not decay resistance and there may be insect attacks also. In Chengal wood, insect attacks are not suspected.



Balau wood, has high density which makes the working process of the work hard. There is a small amount of silica present in this wood, due to which the cutting tools turn blunt.

The person working with Balau wood or the people who are using decks made of balau wood must be careful, as this Balau Decking may cause allergies like eye and skin irritation.

Balau is widely harvested and is available round the globe. So the price of this Balau decking price is moderate. But Chengal wood is really expensive and matured chengal wood is even more expensive, which in turn makes the Chengal decking expensive.

Balau wood can be used for decking and also in other décor in the house. Even Chengal wood can also be used, but many people do not wish to as it is more expensive.

Balau wood, is found in abundant and its properties vary from its species to species. The mechanical strength of the wood is also different.

If a person is not looking for the price of the decking and is ready to invest more amounts on the decking, then on can select Changal decking. But they must be sure to conform if the wood is matured Chengal wood and is Kiln dried or not.

Thursday, 11 February 2016

How To Choose The Right Flooring For Church?


 


One of the most important decisions that you have to take regarding any building or structure is choosing its flooring. Same goes for the church. You have to be very careful when you are deciding which floors to install in Singapore. There are many factors that determine which floor will be right for you. If you are building a church or remodelling it then considering the right material for installing the floor will be great. You have to make sure that you follow some of the things before installing the floor. Here are some of the factors for you that you need to consider –

Durable And Long Lasting
In churches, a lot of people come and thus it is a high traffic area. So, whatever material you choose for your floor it has to be durable and long lasting. You cannot rely on a delicate floor material when it comes to churches as everyday there are number of people coming here. So, you have to make sure that the floor material you choose is durable and strong enough to bear all the traffic. Otherwise you will find soon the floor is wearing away. You need to do a lot of researches regarding which material will be the best to be used as the floor of your church.

Resistant To Humidity
Since the weather of Singapore is hot and humid, you have to keep in that the flooring is capable enough to resist against it. The best material which is reliable enough against the hot and moist weather is the best. Mainly stone and marble are the best in this case. Wooden floors can have various problems in the humid weather. The woods react badly when it comes to constant moisture or humidity. So, it is best to ask the expert which will be best for this kind of weather.

Know Pros and Cons Of All 
Each and every material comes with a certain drawback and some advantages. Before you choose and decide a particular material for the flood of church you have to know all the advantages and disadvantages. This will help you to know and decide which material is going to be the best one as the floor. Whether it is renovation or a new construction, floor is the main the area which goes through a lot of rough use. So, a special care and attention has to be provided to them in order to ensure better longevity. Internet has of course provided a lot of options for us and thus it is easier for you to study about the pros and cons of all the materials.

Style And Colour
When you are deciding the right floor material you also have to keep the style and colour in mind. Not all style suits the environment of church. You have to make sure that the aesthetic value of the church is maintained whatsoever the style and colour your choose for the material. Even you can choose different style based on the interior decors of the church. It has to be complementary to each other. Otherwise it will look very odd if it does not match with the decor. So, browse through the designs and styles and get the best one you want.



Setting A Budget
It is very much important to know what your budget is. Now you have to choose the material based on the above factors and then consider your budget as well. It is better to be within the budget fixed and not to exceed. There are numerous flooring services available in Singapore but there are few who offer the best services even at an affordable rate and provide best quality materials to the people. You have to make sure that you do enough researches to find out such a service and get your floor installed at the church. But you also have to understand that you cannot compromise with the quality just for the budget.

How To Choose The Best Service?

In order to choose the best service you have to keep certain things in mind. These are –

Reliability: It is very important to know that the company you are calling for its service is reliable. If not reliable then you cannot get the right service. So, check all the reviews and feedbacks of the company and know how great it is.

Experience: This is another important thing to consider as these types of works require huge experiences. If the service does not have proper experience in it then it is not possible for one to do flooring jobs.

Affordable: Since you have a budget, you also have to make sure that you choose a service which is affordable to you and fits into your budget. Otherwise you have to pay a lot.

Options: There are many services that provide with various options. You have to choose the best company or service that provides you with a lot of options to choose from the floor materials. Also, check whether or not they have skilled labourers to install the floor.



Conclusion

Thus these are some of the important and essential points that you have to know and keep in mind. You need to understand that many services offer many types of materials but you need to choose the one which is best for Church floors. As mentioned above, you have to make sure that the material is durable and strong enough to resist against the humid weather as well also good enough for so much traffic. The best thing that you have to understand is that you cannot go for wooden floors. Even if you do then you also have to consider lamination and this may cost you a lot. Since this place is used by many people daily so a material which is easy to maintain will be really great. Thus the best one that you can consider is either stone or marbles as the flooring. It is durable as well as great for the humid weather. You do not have to spend a lot of time and money as well for maintaining it daily.

Tuesday, 15 December 2015

What Is The Best Flooring Material For Condos In Singapore?




In order to improve the looks of their apartment or condos many people use various flooring materials in Singapore. Brief information about the flooring materials used in this country for decorating condos is provided here under to help you, if you are planning for it. Most of the Singaporeans use these options for this purpose due to lots of their features and benefits. You can choose the best option for your condo by considering important features and comparing their benefits of them all.

Best flooring options for condo in Singapore

Laminate floor
The laminate flooring is commonly used in Singapore to decorate condos due to its durability and versatility. It is normally used for this purpose for its glossy surface which helps in improving the overall appearance of a condo by providing it a stylish and shiny look. Most of the Singaporeans install laminate flooring in their condos for this very reason but some people do not find it suitable for them as it produces noise while walking on it. So you should choose it for your condo carefully.

Carpet floor
If you want to decorate your condo with the simplest flooring option then a carpet can be the best one. Carpets are preferred for this purpose as they require no expertise to install them. At present various types of carpets, depending upon the quality of their materials and workmanship, are used in Singapore for decorating condos. You can choose from them according to your requirements and budget. Though they are easy to install but to maintain their elegance and looks you will have to care for them by vacuuming them regularly.

Cork floor
The cork flooring is also recommended for condos in Singapore as it provides sustainable flooring to the owner. It is getting popular these days as it has no negative effect on the users in the tropical environment of this country. It provides safe and friendly environment to the Singaporean condo owners. The cork floor is available in various great designs, patterns and styles these days from which you can choose the best one for decorating the floor of your condo. You can install it easily without needing any expertise.

Real wooden floor
The real wood flooring is also preferred by many Singaporeans these days for decorating their condos. Most of them use this flooring material to improve the appearance of their entire unit along with increasing the strength of its structure. Though wooden floor has a number of benefits like beautiful looks and durability but it is not recommended for budgetary people as it is one of the expensive flooring options in this country.

Moreover various types of wooden floors are available in Singapore market these days from which you can choose according to your choice and budget for decorating your condo unit.


Types of wooden floors 

Solid hardwood floor: The wooden flooring of this type is made of wood planks derived from a single log of wood. Earlier wooden planks were used to provide structural support to the building in the form of wooden beams known as bearers in Singapore. Most commonly used types of hardwood for this purpose include cherry, maple and oak etc. along various other exotic tees like Brazilian cherry and cork. All of these options were traditionally used for the distinct pattern of their grain. They are popularly used as flooring options for condo because they can be used roughly without damaging their looks. They can easily bear dents as they are natural products.

Engineered hardwood floor: The wood floors of this type are made of planks including one or two layers. The visible and top layer of these planks is known as lamella which is pasted on another layer known as core. In order to increase the stability of this flooring its manufacturers run each layer of this flooring at ninety degree to its upper layer to put later on easily as a subfloor. You can reliably use it as a perfect and affordable alternative to the real hardwood flooring due to its excellent quality while installing it in your condo or apartment in Singapore. Thus it is one of the popular wood flooring options in Singapore as even budgetary people can afford it.

Engineered wood flooring can be divided in to various categories including:

Veneer wood flooring which is a composite wood product made of a thin piece of wood adhered on a core.

Acrylic drenched wood floor which is made of wood that has been processed to be impregnated by acrylic material.

While purchasing wood flooring for your condo you should consider all of its types available in the market. You should compare all of them as it is not easy to differentiate between them unless you personally experience them. Moreover you should hire professional installer for installing wood flooring as the planks are to be glued together perfectly without leaving even the slightest gap between them. They can give luxurious look to your condo if installed perfectly.




Vinyl floor
Like laminate floor vinyl floors are also used in Singapore for decorating condos. They are made of aesthetically manufactured plastic material which has wood like patterns on its surface to give a wood like look to the floor.

In this way after finding the best option for the flooring of you condo you can easily enhance its appearance by hiring a professional installer. You can find a number of professional floor installer sin Singapore who can help you in installing your condo floor perfectly. You can ask for free quotes after short listing some of the reputed floor installers. Before finalising any of these installers you should compare their reputation, quality of services and rates to find the best one. Some of the installers in Singapore also sell flooring of different types of materials to make it easy for the condo owners. You can buy the best flooring option within your budget after discussing their pros and cons with the installer.

Thus you can improve the looks of your condo by choosing the best flooring material in Singapore according to your choice and budget.

Friday, 6 November 2015

Where Can I Find Engineered Wood Supplier?







E
ngineered wood supplier 

Once in a while picking an engineered wood supplier is as basic as asking a companion who they use in their business. Different times, however, you have to experience a formal determination process. To ensure the engineered wood supplier you pick is the best one to give the best services or item you need, It is wise to know what and where to check.

Selecting an engineered wood supplier is something we all do now and again without acknowledging it or contemplating it. As property holders, we select most likely a thousand other different conceivable too.

Huge numbers of those suppliers give almost similar services and getting to choose the best is not always easy. It's vital to make our determinations precisely as far as why we give these engineered wood supply tenders.

One can find an engineered wood supplier in one of various ways. Select a supplier from the telephone directory or web or utilize a companion of relative, use who we've previously utilized – on the off chance that it's not a first time engineered supply tender, get guidance from a trusted asset companion, or experience a formal procedure

In case you're giving an engineered wood supply tender or contract or expansive thing for your business, then you need the suppliers to demonstrate to you why your cash ought to go to them. I've laid out a six-stage process to follow in selecting the best engineered wood supplier in Singapore. It should be a carefully decisive process in the event that you understand sooner or later that you ought to have picked Engineered wood supplier B over Engineered wood supplier A, make the switch, however, be mindful so as to not acquire additional contract pull out charges over the choice.

Step 1 – Document Your Personal or Organization's Need

Before you can do any sort of determination of the potential engineered wood suppliers to give tender, you should first report your point of interest and what exactly it is you require. This will bail you out significantly later on when you look through your notes and the designed wood supplier material and understand that their offerings aren't the same. When you meet with potential designed wood suppliers, you should have the capacity to judge what they can accomplish for you against what you truly require them to do and verify that there's a decent match.



Step 2 – Identify the Potential Sources

Whatever engineered wood supply project it is you need to give, your best next step is to do your own particular research and distinguish which associations appear to do the best service in supplying what you require.

Once you've done that, contact each engineered wood supplier by telephone and/or by email and express your needs and that you might want them to take an interest in your choice procedure. Comprehend that if this is a genuine little dollar thing, they won't be excessively keen on experiencing a considerable measure of exertion and asset hours and dollars to gain your business. Be that as it may, in case you're, say, searching for another building to lease for your business, then you'll likely have the capacity to make real estate agents hasten around like rodents to pick up your business – particularly in this economy.

Give each recognized engineered wood supplier with the accompanying, if conceivable: a presentation of yourself including your contact data, a rundown of your business needs, a welcome to take an interest in the choice procedure, and a proposed date/time for an one-on-one exchange.

Step 3 – Initial Engineered wood supplier Discussions

This is the place your potential engineered wood suppliers go to your site – independently, obviously - and present their offerings and talk about how they are going to address your issues. They have to offer you on why they're the best supplier for your association. Normally, it's optimal on the off chance that you can choose up to 8-10 engineered wood suppliers to partake at first – particularly if this is something you are going to wind up spending wholesome cash on.

Step 4 – Weed Out some Engineered wood suppliers

You've finished Step 3 and can see that few engineered wood suppliers simply don't exactly cut it. They have an offering, some place in the ballpark, however, construct either in light of value or specifics of engineered wood supply tender , they're simply not going to have the capacity to address your issues. This is the place you weed those suppliers out – ideally getting down to a sensible 2-4 last engineered wood suppliers to hold examinations with. Cost has likely as of now been talked about amid Step 3 – the engineered wood suppliers need to give you costs – however not as a matter of course the best and last cost yet. That is what you're going to get from them in the following step.

Once you've removed the suppliers who aren't sufficiently aggressive to make it any further, welcome the remaining suppliers in for one more dialog.



Step 5 – Final Engineered wood supplier Round

This is the last risk for each of the finalists to make their offer stick and to win your business. Acquire them back independently again and have last dialogs about cost and your needs from their offerings. Presently is the point at which you might need to get considerably more particular about any unique needs your association has. You're searching for approaches to pick the most perfect engineered wood supplier, both as far as value and cost are involved, so give all of them the data workable for them to offer the best they can.

Step 6 – Make a Decision and Stick With It

Presently it's an ideal opportunity to audit your material and notes from the two gatherings with each supplier and settle on a choice. Ideally, it will be constructed both with respect to cost and capacity to meet your necessities, yet how you settle on that official choice is dependent upon you. The key is to make it and stick to it.

Changing suppliers again rapidly can prompt additional expenses for you. After this exertion, it's far-fetched you'll settle on a truly poor decision. Nonetheless, in the event that you understand sooner or later that you ought to have picked Engineered wood supplier B over Engineered wood supplier A, make the switch, however, be mindful so as to not acquire additional contract pull out charges over the choice.

Monday, 5 October 2015

What Are The Downside Of Laminate Flooring





There is no denying that laminate flooring is among the most versatile, easy to install and durable flooring option available in the market today. It is also true that it is one of the few flooring options that can withstand the vagaries of weather. This perhaps explains the extensive use of this floor type in different areas in residential and commercial establishments, and the huge demand this flooring option is experiencing not just in Singapore, but in other parts of the world as well. The product however is not perfect and just like other floor types laminate flooring has some negative aspects. Most of the disadvantages are as a result of personal taste and preference and not so much as a result of the quality of this flooring option. Some of these shortcomings include;

1. It is hard

This has to more to do with feel that the quality. Laminate floors are hard on foot and are therefore not an option for anyone looking for a floor that is soft on the foot. Some people opt to include a foam underlay to reduce the hardness but this only works to a small degree and the hardness can still be felt especially when compared to other flooring options like carpets or cork flooring.

2. It is not wood

It is true that laminate floors have a wood cheap base. The truth however is that this type of flooring is not real wood flooring even if the floor might resemble real hardwood floors. While this might be okay to some, homeowners who prefer real hardwood floors will not like this flooring option.

3. It is slippery

This is especially true where earlier versions that had a smooth finishing are involved. Modern laminate floors manufactures are installing an anti- slip layer at the top to counter the problems experienced with earlier models. While the anti- slip layer is adequate, the flooring option is not is not ideal in instance where slippery floors have to be avoided at all costs. Also, once the anti- slip layer wears off, the floor gets slippery. Laminate flooring should therefore be avoided in areas prone to spills or any other factors that can turn the floors in to a health hazard.

4. It cannot be refinished

Laminate flooring is known to be among the most durable floors that age well and still look good after years of continuous use. Some manufacturers guarantee their laminate floors for up to 30 years and this just show how long these floors can stay intact. This floors durability can be attributed to a number of factors one of them being the wear layer on the surface that protects all the other layers against damage whether from the effects of weather or frequent use. Accidents however might occur where the floor gets deeply grooved say when moving a piece of furniture or equipment. The floor can also get heavily worm out if it is not properly cleaning and maintained and where debris and dust particles are left to accumulate on the floor. Where such situations arise, the floor has to be replaced. This is unlike other types of flooring like wooden floors that can simply be refinished and still look as good as new.



5. Lower resale value

This is true especially where the floor shows signs of wear and tear. Unless you replace the floor, the resale value of your house is going to be much lower than that of another seller who has a refinish-able floor that can be refurbished when the house is on the market. Even where the laminate floor looks as good as new, the floor is cheap and easy to install. This means that this flooring add little if any value to the resale value of a house.

Regardless of the shortcomings listed above, laminate flooring is very common in many residential and commercial establishments. This can be attribute to the many benefits that come with this flooring option far outweigh the shortcomings. The fact that the floor is very affordable, easy to clean, does not stain, come in different designs and patterns to suit different users tastes and preferences, and can be installed on top of existing floors makes laminate flooring the flooring of choice for many homeowners and business owners who are either putting up new establishments or remodeling their old ones.